In 2014 the Renewable Energy Target achieved the objective of ensuring ecologically sustainable renewable energy sources:
Commonwealth, state and territory environmental regulation provides a framework for ensuring the Renewable Energy Target promotes the use of ecologically sustainable renewable energy sources.14
For an energy source to be eligible for renewable energy certificates it must meet several criteria, including that it is 'ecologically sustainable'.
Section 17 of the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000 lists 19 renewable energy sources considered to be ecologically sustainable, and therefore eligible for the creation of renewable energy certificates.
The main types are:
In addition, the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Regulations 2001 set out specific eligibility requirements for other energy sources, such as waste coal mine gas, which are considered ecologically sustainable under certain conditions.
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The Clean Energy Regulator is a Government body responsible for accelerating carbon abatement for Australia.