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Frequently asked questions

08 October 2020

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) scheme, established by the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act), is a single national framework for reporting and disseminating company information about greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption.

Corporations that meet a NGER Scheme threshold must register and, once registered, report each year.

The Emissions and Energy Reporting System (EERS) is the system used for all reporting under the NGER Scheme. EERS allows NGER reporters to prepare and submit their emissions and energy reports.

The Client Portal is a secure entry point to access online forms, systems and other information for schemes administered by the Clean Energy Regulator. It is the entry point for reporters to access their Emissions and Energy Reporting System (EERS) account(s).

Our website provides more information on NGER reporting and how to use EERS. If you need additional assistance, please contact us on 1300 553 542 or reporting@cleanenergyregulator.gov.au.

Contents

EERS access, password and Client Portal questions

What is the difference between the Client Portal and EERS?

Client Portal

The Client Portal provides secure access to online forms, systems and other information for the schemes we administer. It is the entry point for NGER reporters to access their EERS account(s).

It is also where users with the right access level, can add, edit or remove users from their organisation's EERS accounts. For further information on EERS user access see How do I manage users in my organisation's EERS account? for more information on EERS user access.

Once you have logged in using your registered email address and password, you will be taken to the Client Portal home screen. To access EERS, you need to select 'National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting' tab then click 'Access Emissions Energy and Reporting System (EERS)':

EERS

Once you have logged into the Client Portal and selected the EERS link via the 'National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting’ tab, you will then be taken to the EERS home screen. You do not need a separate username and password to log into EERS.

From the EERS home screen, if you have access to more than one organisation's EERS account(s) you can select the appropriate reporting entity, then the applicable reporting year.

How do I get access to my organisation's EERS account?

To obtain an EERS account, an organisation must first be registered under the NGER Act as a controlling corporation or reporting transfer certificate holder or have submitted an agreement under section 22X of the NGER Act that the organisation is a responsible group member.

As a result of registration, your organisation's EERS account will be created and an NGER contact person and executive officer from your organisation will be given access to the account.

An executive officer is defined as a:

  • director
  • chief executive officer (however described)
  • chief financial officer (however described), or
  • secretary (i.e. company secretary).

If you wish to be added to your organisation's EERS account you need to:

  • create a Client Portal account (if you do not already have one), and
  • provide your email address and Client Portal ID (e.g. CER123456) to your organisation's NGER contact person or any other person from your organisation that has the Client Portal Manager role. They will then be able to use these details to add you to your organisation's EERS account.
  • Your Client Portal ID (e.g. CER123456) will be created upon sign up to the Client Portal, and can be accessed by clicking on the 'My Profile’ tab and scrolling down to Individual details.

If the NGER contact person has left your organisation, and there is no other person in your organisation that has the Organisation Administrator role, you need to complete the documentasset:CER-NGER-013 Addition of a New Contact Person form.

Once completed, you can email this form to us. The form needs to be submitted by an executive officer from your organisation, or if submitted by someone else, an executive officer must be copied into the email.

More information is available in the documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal and What roles can an EERS user have?.

How do I manage users in my organisation's EERS account?

To edit, remove or add users to your organisation’s EERS account you will need the Organisation Administrator role in EERS. Your organisation’s NGER contact person and executive officer will have this role and they can assign it to you.

To edit, remove or add users, you need to log into the Client Portal, click on the ’National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting’ tab and then the 'Manage' button for the organisation under the 'Organisations' heading. If you have a 'View' button next to the organisation this means that you do not have the Organisation Administrator role for the organisation. Then click on the Manage access' tab. You can edit a user's roles by selecting or unselecting the relevant checkboxes next to each user’s name and then press the Save button, or remove a user by selecting the 'Remove' button under each user's name. To add a user select the 'Add a user' button.

To add users to your organisation's EERS account, you must first verify that:

  • a current employee has the Organisation Administrator role, and
  • the new user has created their own Client Portal account. The user will need to advise the Organisation Administrator of both their Client Portal user account ID, for example, CER123456 and the email address associated with their user account. For more details, see How do I get access to my organisation's EERS account?

More information is available in the documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal and What roles can an EERS user have?

What roles can an EERS user have?

There are six different EERS roles that a person can have. These roles are:

  • NGER Contact Person
  • NGER Coordinator
  • NGER Data Provider
  • NGER Executive Officer
  • NGER Guest, and
  • NGER Nominated Report Submitter.

Each organisation must have both the NGER Contact Person and NGER Executive Officer roles filled at all times. It is possible for the same person to have both roles in EERS.

See documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal for more information on roles.

The NGER contact person and executive officer with access to my organisation's EERS account has left the organisation, how do I get access to EERS?

If your NGER contact person has left your organisation, and there is no other person in your organisation that has the Client Portal Manager role, you need to complete the documentasset:CER-NGER-013 Addition of a New Contact Person form.

To complete the form, you need to provide the email address and Client Portal user ID (e.g. CER123456) of the person being added. If the person does not already have a Client Portal account, they should create one by registering with the Client Portal.

Once completed, you can email this form to us. The form needs to be submitted by an executive officer from your organisation, or if submitted by someone else, an executive officer must be copied into the email.

The new contact person will be set up with access to EERS and the Client Portal and can then use the Client Portal self-service functionality to add new users (e.g. a new executive officer).

Instructions on using the Client Portal to add, edit or remove EERS users, can be found in documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal

General EERS questions

Can information be carried over from the previous reporting period for an existing reporter?

If your organisation has an EERS account and submitted an NGER report in the previous reporting year, your EERS workspace for the current reporting year will automatically be populated with information from your previous reporting period workspace. This information will include:

  • reporting entity details (name, ABN or ACN etc', addresses)
  • executive officer and contact person details
  • the entire corporate structure (including group members, facilities, business units, facility aggregate and network or pipelines)
  • details for entities in corporate structure (i.e. names, addresses, geographical coordinates and previously answered questions), and
  • facility activity data, except for activity values, methods and matters to be identified.

Before you submit, it is important that all information carried over from a previous reporting period is reviewed for accuracy relative to the current reporting period and amended if necessary.

Please note:

  • If your organisation has had changes in facility structure and operational control, you can make a declaration of operational control using the Declaration of operational control form.
  • If the organisation’s ABN has changed, it is a new legal entity as an existing corporation can't change its ABN.
  • If an organisation is taken over, or the ABN has changed, the new controlling corporation needs to register for NGER reporting and the former corporation needs to deregister. See the Application for registering a controlling corporation and Application for deregistering forms if you need to apply for deregister.

Can you explain the corporate structure that appears on the left side of the screen when I log into EERS?

When you select the appropriate reporting year on the EERS home screen you will be directed to the main details page for the reporting entity that you have selected. The reporting entity's corporate structure will be displayed on the left-hand navigation pane as shown below.

The reporting entity (i.e. controlling corporation, reporting transfer certificate holder or responsible group member under section 22X) will be at the top of the list. Below the reporting entity will be a list of group members (if any-applicable only to controlling corporations) and the facilities that the reporting entity is responsible for reporting on.

Where there are both group members and facilities in the list, facilities that are under the operational control of a group member will appear underneath the relevant group member.

Where a plus sign is visible next to an entity in your corporate structure, this means that by clicking on the plus sign you will be able to expand the list to view entities set up directly under that entity. More information on corporate structure is available in the documentasset:EERS User Guide.

Can I modify my corporate structure?

You can modify your corporate structure in EERS to reflect changes within your organisation.

For example, you may need to add a new group member and facilities under the operational control of the new group member to your corporate structure if your controlling corporation has acquired a group member.

More information on corporate structure is available in the documentasset:EERS User Guide.

I have entered data in EERS but it does not appear in the report when I generate it. What do I do?

Data entered into an EERS workspace may not appear in a generated report. This may be correct (that is, no action is required by you) or you may need to take further action, as follows:

  • Check that the facility and/or corporate threshold has been met. If a facility is below the facility threshold, it will only appear in an NGER report if the controlling corporation has passed the corporate threshold. If a controlling corporation passes only the facility threshold, then only those facilities that pass the facility threshold will appear in the NGER report. More information on thresholds is available on our website.
  • Check that the facility is marked as 'Reporting'. To do this, go to the 'Facility Details' page for the facility, and check the 'Entity Status' field is marked 'Reporting'. If it is marked as 'Not Reporting', you need to change this field to 'Reporting', using the drop-down menu, and save the changes. More information on facility details is available in the EERS User Guide.

If you have checked the above and believe that the data entered should appear in the report, contact the Clean Energy Regulator on 1300 553 542 or reporting@cleanenergyregulator.gov.au.

I have made changes to my EERS account but am unable to save these changes. What should I do?

Please check the following:

  • Ensure all mandatory fields (noted with a red asterisk) have been completed before saving.
  • Where you have selected the 'save' button but it doesn't appear that anything has happened, scroll to the top of the page. EERS often provides instructions as to what information is missing.
  • If there is a 'calculate' button on the screen you will need to press the 'calculate' button before the 'save' button. For example, when reporting Scope 2 emissions and associated electricity consumption you need to press the 'calculate' button to calculate scope 2 emissions before saving.

I am unable to enter data for my facility because the 'Enter Activity Data' button is disabled

The 'Enter Activity Data' button will remain greyed out (disabled) until all mandatory entity (i.e. Facility, Facility Aggregate or Facility - Network - Pipeline) fields have been completed and any changes have been saved. All fields with a red asterisk (*) must be addressed. Further information on facility details is available in the EERS User Guide.

I want to enter data, but the Data Entry tab is locked

If you are trying to enter data and the 'Data Entry' tab is locked (has a picture of a padlock and the tab cannot be selected), this is because a report has been generated but not submitted or the report has been submitted.

If the report has been generated but not submitted, to unlock your report and allow further data entry, go to the 'Reports' tab and click 'remove under the action column.

If your report has been submitted, you are able to view information in the 'Data Entry' tab but you will be unable to make any changes. If you believe you need to make changes to a submitted report, please contact us.

How do I check if I have entered the correct latitude and longitude for a facility?

We require latitude and longitude coordinates (coordinates) for a facility to be provided to three decimal degrees in EERS. This consistent with the formats used in internet and portable GPS tools commonly available in Australia.

Converting to decimal degrees

A street address can be converted to coordinates in decimal degrees using LatLong.net.

A conversion calculator from degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal degrees is available through the Australian Antarctic Data Centre, which is provided by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. This page also links to other Australian Government websites that convert Universal Transverse Mercator map coordinates to decimal degrees.

Other location information

Note that if your facility is a network, pipeline or transport facility, is not a single site, and has no Australian street address, a brief description of both its location and its activities, and a state or territory designation, must be provided in EERS. If the ANZSIC code provided for the facility does not match one of these sectors, and an Australian street address is not provided, then any missing coordinate data will be considered as non-compliant reporting.

What is the small facilities percentages link?

The Small Facilities Percentages link enables reporters under section 19 of the NGER Act to report greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption of a facility as a percentage of the corporate group's total emissions and energy, where the facility meets the requirements of regulation 4.26 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008 (NGER Regulations).

This link is viewable towards the bottom of the corporate structure column on the left.

See Aggregated facility reporting, percentage estimates and incidental emissions and energy guideline for more information on small facilities percentage reporting.

I can't generate a draft report in EERS, what should I do?

Reports are generated in EERS by going to the 'Reports' tab and selecting the 'Generate’ option in the 'Action’ column against the unsubmitted report you wish to generate. If the 'Action’ column says 'Disabled’, check that an executive officer and contact person have been selected for the reporting entity. To check this, go to 'Data Entry’, then click on the reporting entity in the corporate structure, then click on 'Edit Reporting Entity’ Information. Once you select both of these people and save the change, you will get the option to generate a report.

Please note if validation errors have not been rectified or acknowledged this will also prevent a report from being generated.

If you have generated a report and the 'Action’ column against that report shows 'Preparing Report', try hitting the 'F5' key. This refreshes the page and the report should appear for you to view. The 'Action' column will then allow you to remove the report so you can continue entering data. See I want to enter data, but the Data Entry tab is locked, for information on removing a generated report.

How do I attach documents to my report in EERS?

You can to submit supporting information along with your EERS report if required. To attach supporting documents select the 'Add File' button from the reports tab prior to generating your draft report. This allows you to select the required document from your computer. Once this has been selected, click on 'Upload' to attach the document to your report. Documents cannot be attached in EERS once a report has generated. If you generate a report and need to add an attachment you will need to remove the report, add the required attachment and generate the report again.

Note: only PDF files can be uploaded, and each must be below 5MB in size.

Who can submit a report?

All reports are to be submitted by an executive officer of your organisation. In order to submit a report, the executive officer must read through the declaration that appears both at the end of the report to be submitted and once the executive officer (or nominated report submitter) clicks ’Submit Report’.

In short, the declaration states that the reporting entity is responsible for adhering to requirements under the NGER legislation, and highlighting penalty provisions for those reports that do not comply. By clicking accept on this declaration, the report is electronically submitted, and the executive officer effectively signs the report.

An executive officer is defined as a:

  • director
  • chief executive officer (however described)
  • chief financial officer (however described), or
  • secretary (i.e. company secretary).

Alternatively, the executive officer may authorise someone to submit the report on their behalf, however, the executive officer maintains responsibility for the compliance of NGER reporting. The person submitting the report on behalf of the executive officer, must have the NGER Nominated Report Submitter role in EERS. More information about EERS roles can be found in the documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal.

The executive officer who provided the authorisation must be the person whose details are selected in the executive officer field in EERS.

Note that an executive officer of a company can, in certain circumstances, be held accountable for their company's contraventions of civil penalty provisions

How do I save an electronic copy of my report?

You can save electronic copies of reports by using the print function. This will work for both submitted and unsubmitted reports.

Once you have generated or submitted a report, view that report by clicking on the hyperlink.

This will open an on-screen version of the report you are attempting to save. Click either 'Print Report’ in the left-hand menu, or 'Print’ on the right of the screen:

Once you have selected print, the print options box should appear. Depending on your set-up, you will be able to save as a PDF or XPS file.

Select 'Adobe PDF’ (if installed) or 'Microsoft XPS Document Writer’ from the list of available printers, and then click on print.

You will then be prompted to complete the save by entering your file name and choosing where you wish to save the document to.

Will I be notified when I successfully submit my report in EERS?

Once your report has been successfully submitted, it will appear in the 'Submitted Reports’ table under the 'Reports’ tab. This table also includes the date and time of submission and the version of the report.

A report receipt will also be available in EERS. The receipt will confirm the time and date of the submission, the version and type of report submitted. It will also note who submitted the report. You will then be able to print or save a copy of this receipt for your records.

To locate the receipt in EERS, click on the 'Reports’ tab, then under 'Submitted Reports’ click on the 'Action’ button for the report submitted then select 'View Submission Receipt’.

Common NGER reporting questions

Can I get an extension to the reporting deadline?

The NGER reporting deadline is a statutory deadline and we cannot provide extensions. All 2019-20 NGER reports must be submitted by midnight, Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT), Monday, 2 November 2020.

Failure to submit your report by the due date is a contravention of the NGER Act that may attract a civil penalty of up to $444,000. Additional civil penalties of up to $22,200 may also apply for each day that a report is late. The NGER Act provides for other possible regulatory responses to non-compliance, including the use of enforceable undertakings and infringement notices.

Am I able to resubmit an NGER report?

We encourage voluntary disclosure of reporting errors. If you detect an error in a previously submitted report you must contact us as soon as possible.

Technical NGER reporting questions

Is liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) a primary or secondary fuel or other energy commodity?

Nomination of primary or secondary is required when reporting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Purchased LPG (item 44 in schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations) is a secondary energy commodity. For LPG consumed at the facility where it is produced, LPG is a primary energy commodity. See How do I know if a fuel is primary or secondary? for more information.

How do I report E10 in EERS?

Background

E10 is a common blended fuel produced by blending up to 10 per cent ethanol with gasoline.

Under section 1.8 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 (NGER Measurement Determination) a blended fuel is a fuel that is a blend of fossil and biogenic carbon fuels. For example, E10 is a blend of gasoline (fossil fuel) and up to 10 per cent ethanol (biogenic carbon fuel).

Examples of biogenic carbon fuels under the NGER legislation are listed in items 10-16; 28-30 and 52-54 of Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations.

The NGER legislation does not define fossil fuels. However, taking the ordinary meaning of the term, a fossil fuel is: a carbon-based fuel from fossil hydrocarbon deposits, including coal, oil and natural gas.

E10 is not a listed fuel type under the NGER Regulations, therefore E10 is not reported in EERS. Rather, when E10 is consumed the components that make up E10 need to be reported.

Example—reporting greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption from combustion of E10

A facility purchases 10,000 litres of E10 for use in a transport facility. Using the product specifications provided by the manufacturer, it is determined that the E10 is made up of seven per cent ethanol and 93 per cent gasoline.

Therefore, the purchased E10 contains 700 litres of ethanol and 9,300 litres of gasoline. The purchased E10 is used to fuel fleet cars for the corporations, meaning that the fuel is combusted for use in an internal combustion engine.

As both the ethanol and gasoline are listed energy commodities, the corporation with operational control of the facility must report the greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption from the combustion of:

  • ethanol (item 53—ethanol for use in an internal combustion engine), and
  • gasoline (item 56—gasoline (other than for use as fuel in an aircraft) as consumed by combustion.

See the documentasset:Reporting blended fuels and other fuel mixes guideline for more information on the reporting of E10 and other blended fuels.

What is the CO2 emission factors for petroleum-based oils?

EERS requires reporters to specify the carbon dioxide emissions factor when entering activity data for petroleum based oils and greases, as shown below:

The carbon dioxide emission factor refers to the amount of carbon dioxide emitted per unit of fuel. Part 3 of Schedule 1 in the NGER Measurement Determination provides an emission factor of 13.9 (Kg CO2-e/GJ) for the combustion of petroleum-based oils for stationary energy purposes.

Alternatively, a site-specific carbon dioxide emissions factor can be used in accordance with Method 1 under section 2.48A(2) of the NGER Measurement Determination, or Method 2 or 3 under sections 2.48B and 2.48C respectively.

What is net energy consumption and how do I report it?

See Why do I need to know whether a fuel is primary or secondary?

Why do I need to know whether a fuel is primary or secondary?

Nominating a fuel as primary or secondary is necessary for calculating net energy consumption of the facility. A facility's net energy consumption is required to be reported in a controlling corporation's section 19 report, a reporting transfer certificate holder's section 22G report and a section 22X report.

You do not need to manually calculate net energy consumption. EERS automatically calculates net energy consumption based on reported energy consumption and production for each facility and this value will appear in a report generated in EERS.

To calculate net energy consumption, regulation 5.03 of the NGER Regulations specifies that:

  • For each facility of the corporation's group, adjust the facility's energy consumption by deducting the energy content of the secondary fuels and energy commodities produced from the operation of the facility from the total energy consumed by the operation of the facility.

The net energy consumption amounts derived for each facility appearing in the NGER report are summed to determine the net energy consumption for the controlling corporation.

See the documentasset:Reporting energy production and consumption guideline and on our net energy consumption page for more information.

Note: for net energy to be calculated correctly it is important to understand that a primary fuel type cannot be produced from the consumption of another primary fuel (including itself).

How do I know if a fuel is primary or secondary?

Primary and secondary fuels and other energy commodities are defined in regulation 1.03 in the NGER Regulations as follows:

  • Primary fuel or energy commodity means a fuel or energy commodity extracted or captured from natural sources with minimal processing, and includes the fuels and energy commodities mentioned in Schedule 1 (in the NGER Regulations) as being primary fuels or energy commodities.
  • Examples include non-renewable fuels such as brown coal and crude oil, and renewable energy sources such as 'wind energy for electricity generation’ and 'solar energy for electricity generation’.
  • Secondary fuel or energy commodity means a fuel or energy commodity produced by converting energy from one form (usually a primary fuel or energy commodity) to another form for consumption and includes the fuels and energy commodities mentioned in Schedule 1 (in the NGER Regulations) as being secondary fuels or energy commodities.
  • Examples include natural gas, coal seam methane gas and diesel oil.

EERS will indicate if a fuel or energy commodity is primary or secondary unless a nomination is required.

In some cases, the NGER Regulations will specify that a nomination (primary or secondary) is required and you will need to determine if the fuel or energy commodity is primary or secondary. You may need to contact your supplier to confirm to source of the fuel or energy commodity. Generally, a fuel or energy commodity purchased from a supplier will be secondary.

Which Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) codes are oil and gas activities attributable to?

In accordance with Regulation 4.04A(2)(g) of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008 (NGER Regulations), the activities constituting the facility must be attributed to an industry sector. This is done using the ANZSIC industry classification codes.

The activity type constituting the primary production process of the facility determines the industry sector.

The table below shows how the oil and gas activity types correspond to ANZSIC codes. It includes the Clean Energy Regulator’s preference for attributing industry sector to facilities with multiple activities.

Oil and gas activity typeActivity (and principal activity)ANZSIC codeANZSIC industry classification
Oil or gas explorationOil or gas exploration101Exploration
Crude oil productionOil production at wells070Oil and gas extraction
Crude oil productionOil production at wells and crude oil stabilisation plant (oil stabilisation)070Oil and gas extraction
Crude oil refiningOil refining170Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
Crude oil transportPipeline transport502Pipeline and other transport
Crude oil transportRoad transport461Road freight transport
Crude oil transportRail transport471Rail freight transport
Crude oil transportWater transport481Water freight transport
Natural gas production and processingGas production at wells070Oil and gas extraction
Natural gas production and processingGas gathering and boosting070Oil and gas extraction
Natural gas production and processingGas processing plant070Oil and gas extraction
Natural gas production and processingLNG production plant070Oil and gas extraction
Natural gas production and processingGas production at wells, gas processing plant and LNG production plant (LNG production)070Oil and gas extraction
Natural gas transmissionNatural gas transmission502Pipeline and other transport
Natural gas distributionNatural gas distribution270Gas supply

Where should appraisal and development activities associated with oil or gas wells be reported?

Oil or gas exploration involves carrying out activities with the purpose of finding and appraising natural underground oil and gas accumulations.

The Clean Energy Regulator considers that oil or gas exploration may include:

  • Conducting geochemical, geological, or geophysical surveys,
  • Drilling wells,
  • Well completions,
  • Well workovers,
  • Drilling mud degassing,
  • Carrying out testing in relation to a well,
  • Venting and flaring associated with oil or gas exploration activities, or
  • Taking samples for chemical or other analysis for exploration purposes.

Fugitive emissions from appraisal and development activities should be reported as the emissions source 'Oil or gas exploration’ using methods detailed under Division 3.3.2 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 (NGER (Measurement) Determination).

How do I report crude oil condensates and natural gas condensates?

Regulation 1.03 of the NGER Regulations defines 'crude oil condensates’ to mean:

'a condensate recovered from natural gas that is mixed with the crude oil’.

That is, a condensate produced from associated natural gas that exists in the underground formation dissolved in the crude oil. Where production or consumption of crude oil condensate occurs, it should be reported as production or consumption of item 33 in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations: 'crude oil including crude oil condensates’. As this is a primary fuel type, its production should be reported for the facility at which it was extracted.

The NGER legislation currently does not provide a specific definition for natural gas condensate recovered from natural gas that exists in the underground formation separately to crude oil, e.g. from natural gas wells.

The Clean Energy Regulator considers that natural gas condensate meets the definition of 'natural gas liquids’, which is defined under the NGER Regulations to mean:

'liquefied hydrocarbons recovered from natural gas in separation facilities or processing plants and includes ethane, propane, butane (including normal and iso-butane) and pentane (including iso-pentane and pentanes plus)’.

Accordingly, the Clean Energy Regulator considers that production or consumption of natural gas condensate should be reported as production or consumption of item 34 in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations: 'Other natural gas liquids’ for the 2018–19 reporting year. As this is a primary fuel type, its production should be reported for the facility at which it was extracted.

What is meant by 'the quantity of gas flared’ when estimating emissions from gas flared during natural gas production and processing?

Emissions released from gas flared during natural gas production and processing activities can be estimated using Method 1, 2 or 3. The 'quantity of gas flared during the year’ referred to under Method 1 is the total waste gas stream (in tonnes) to pass through the flare during the year, not just the hydrocarbon component of the fuel. This includes any inert gases in the waste gas stream.

Methods 2 and 3 allow the total quantity of hydrocarbons within the waste gas stream to be determined and the calculation of facility specific emission factors.

What are the requirements for reporting energy consumption associated with oil and gas venting, flaring and leakage activities?

As disposal and loss of energy is considered to be consumption of energy (see regulation 2.26 of NGER Regulations), it is necessary to report the energy content of fuels that are disposed of or lost through fugitive emissions activities, including venting, flaring activities, where the energy consumed is a fuel listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations.

When flaring emission sources and activities are entered into the Emissions and Energy Reporting System (EERS), a reporter will be required to select the type of fuel and quantity of gas flared. When a fuel type is selected, a reporter will then be required to either select the default energy content factor associated with the fuel (from Schedule 1 of the NGER Measurement Determination), or enter a facility specific energy content factor. EERS will automatically calculate the energy consumption associated with the quantity of the selected fuel type. The energy consumption will be categorised in the NGER report as 'energy consumed by means of combustion for purposes other than producing electricity, producing a chemical or metal product, or for transport’.

Please note: where production of a fuel type occurs at a facility, any quantity of that fuel type consumed at the facility through venting, flaring and leakage activities should be included in the reported quantity of fuel type produced.

What are the requirements for the use of measurement criteria BBB (industry practice)?

'Industry practice’ is a concept widely referenced in the NGER Measurement Determination. It forms the basis of measurement criterion BBB for the measurement of quantities of fuels consumed when measurement equipment does not meet the requirements of criterion AAA. The use of industry practice is also permitted for the estimation of quantities of solid and gaseous fuels produced, and in certain circumstances, estimation of the amount of electricity consumed from the operation of a facility.

'Industry practice' is a concept widely referenced in the NGER Measurement Determination. It forms the basis of measurement criterion BBB for the measurement of quantities of fuels consumed when measurement equipment does not meet the requirements of criterion AAA. The use of industry practice is also permitted for the estimation of quantities of solid and gaseous fuels produced, and in certain circumstances, estimation of the amount of electricity consumed from the operation's on of a facility.

What activities are required to be reported for electricity generation from renewable energy sources?

This FAQ applies to the following renewable energy commodities in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations:

  • item 59 – 'solar energy for electricity generation’
  • item 60 – 'wind energy for electricity generation’
  • item 61 – 'water energy for electricity generation’, and
  • item 62 – 'geothermal energy for electricity generation’.

This FAQ does not apply to:

  • item 28 – 'landfill biogas that is captured for combustion’
  • item 29 – 'sludge biogas that is captured for combustion’, and
  • item 61 – 'a biogas that is captured for combustion, other than those mentioned in items 28 to 29’

For reporting energy consumed/produced from renewable electricity generation at a facility, in general, the following energy activities are required to be reported in accordance with the NGER legislation:

  • consumption of renewable energy commodities for electricity generation electricity production (from consumption of renewable energy commodities at the facility) broken down by electricity produced (in kWh units):
    • for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)
    • exported to the grid for use outside the operation of the facility
    • exported to a network for use outside the operation of the facility, and
  • consumption of electricity that was produced for use by the facility (for use onsite) (in GJ units).

More information on reporting of electricity production and consumption is available in sections 7.3 and 7.4 of our Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors guideline, including:

  • the section in this document 'How do I report consumption of renewable energy commodities for electricity generation?’
  • the section in this document 'How do I report production of electricity from renewable energy commodities?’
  • the section in this document 'How do I report consumption of electricity that was produced for use during the operation of the facility (for use onsite), and
  • the example in this document 'Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation’ and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)’.

Note: consumption of electricity purchased from the main electricity grid in a State or Territory is reported separately, as 'scope 2’ emissions. See section 6 the Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors guideline for more information.

How do I report consumption of renewable energy commodities for electricity generation?

If the facility produces electricity from renewable energy commodities, the corresponding consumption of the solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodity for electricity generation must also be reported. Under 6.5(1A) of the NGER Measurement Determination, the energy content of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy consumed is taken to be equal to the energy content of the electricity produced, as estimated under Part 6.1 of the NGER Measurement Determination. The relevant energy commodities are listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations:

  • item 59 – 'solar energy for electricity generation’
  • item 60 – 'wind energy for electricity generation’
  • item 61 – 'water energy for electricity generation’, and
  • item 62 – 'geothermal energy for electricity generation’.

Note: this FAQ does not apply to biogases such as landfill biogas and sludge biogas.

EERS was updated for the 2019-20 reporting year (and onwards) so that it automatically reports an amount of consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy, which is equal to the reported amount of electricity produced from the solar, wind, water or geothermal energy. That means that if you input production of electricity from solar, wind, water or geothermal energy into EERS, then you must not separately input consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy.

It is important that you do not input into EERS any consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodities, because EERS automatically reports this when you report production of electricity from these energy commodities.

See Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation’ and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite) for more details, including screenshots.

It’s also important to note that EERS does not automatically report consumption of other energy commodities (e.g. landfill and sludge biogases) when production of electricity from that energy commodity is reported. Consumption of energy commodities other than solar, wind, water or geothermal energy must always be entered into EERS by the reporter.

How do I report production of electricity from renewable energy commodities?

NGER reports must include the amount of electricity that was produced during the reporting year for each of the following purposes (in kWh units):

  • for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)
  • export to the grid for use outside the operation of the facility, and
  • export to a network for use outside the operation of the facility.

However, the report does need not to include electricity produced by a generating unit that:

  • does not have the capacity to produce 0.5 megawatts or more of electricity, or
  • generates 100 000 kilowatt hours or less of electricity in the reporting year.

Note that a reporter can opt to report electricity production even if the above thresholds in sub-regulation 4.19(2) of the NGER Regulations are not met. If so, the corresponding onsite consumption from own produced electricity generation should also be reported (energy produced for the purposes of the operation of the facility).

See Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation’ and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite) for more details, including screenshots.

Note: this FAQ does not apply to production of electricity from biogases such as landfill biogas and sludge biogas.

How do I report consumption of electricity that was produced for use by the operation of the facility (for use onsite)?

When electricity is produced for 'use by the facility (for use onsite)’ it must be reported, along with corresponding electricity consumption. The quantity of electricity consumption at a generation facility should be the difference between the quantity of electricity produced at the terminals of the generating units, and the quantity of electricity delivered for use outside the facility (i.e. supplied to an electricity transmission or distribution network, or for other use outside the facility).

EERS was updated for the 2019-20 reporting year (and onwards) so that it automatically reports the total amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’, which is equal to all reported amounts of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’. That means that if you input electricity produced 'for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)’ into EERS, then you must not separately input consumption of that electricity.

Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation’ and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)

A wind farm facility produces 1,100,000 kWh of electricity during a reporting year, composed of:

  • 1,000,000 kWh (3600 GJ) of electricity for 'exporting to the grid’, and
  • 100,000 kWh (360 GJ) of electricity 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’.

The reporter must enter these amounts into EERS in the units of kWh. EERS screenshots are included below in this example.

The total amount of 'wind energy for electricity generation' consumed to produce that electricity will be the same as the amount of electricity produced, 3600 GJ + 360 GJ = 3960 GJ. This is because when solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodities are consumed at a facility then the energy content of the consumed energy e.g. 'wind energy for electricity generation’ is equal to the energy content of the electricity produced.

EERS will automatically record an activity for the total (3600 GJ +360 GJ = 3960 GJ) of 'wind energy for electricity generation' consumed to produce the electricity, because the reporter has already entered the two items of electricity production (1,000,000 kWh and 100,000 kWh).

The total amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’ will be the same as the amount of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’, 100,000 kWh (360 GJ).

EERS will automatically record this amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’, because the reporter has already entered 100,000 kWh (360 GJ) of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)’.

The reporter must input the following two items for production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation’ into EERS:

Based on these electricity production inputs, EERS automatically records an activity for the total consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation’, and the reporter must not separately input, and therefore duplicate, this automatically recorded activity. EERS also automatically records an activity for consumption of electricity that was produced 'for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)’, and the reporter must not separately input, and therefore duplicate, this automatically recorded activity. You can see the records for all items i.e. those inputted by the reporter and those automatically recorded by EERS, here:

The items in the table, in order, are:

  • consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation’ – automatically recorded by EERS
  • consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation’ – automatically recorded by EERS
  • consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation’ – automatically recorded by EERS
  • consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation’ – automatically recorded by EERS


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